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150+ Old English Weak Verbs


A selection of Old English weak verbs. The infinitve is given as the "question". The answer lists: the Class (and subclass) English translation 1st, 2nd 3rd pers. sg. present Pret. sg. Past Part. imperative sg. I have included more than the principle parts as the present singular and imperative can be quite tricky sometimes.


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From
restan
wv Ib i)
rest
reste
restest|rest
resteþ|rest
reste
rest|rested
rest
mētan
wv Ib i)
meet;find
mēte
mētest|mētst
mēteþ|mētt|mēt
mētte
mēted|mētt|mēt
mēt
ċierran
wv Ib i)
turn
ċierre
ċierrest|ċierst
ċierreþ|ċierþ
ċierde
ċierred
ċierr
reċċan
wv Ic
care
reċċe
reċest
reċeþ
rōhte
rōht
reċċ
bendan
wv Ib i)
bind; string a bow
bende
bendest|benst|bentst
bendeþ|bent
bende
bend|bended
bend
werian
wv Ia
defend
werie
werest
wereþ
werede
wered
were
ċēapian
wv II
buy
ċēapie
ċēapast
ċēapaþ
ċēapode
ċēapod
ċēapa
stammettan
wv Ia
stammer
stammette
stammetst
stammet(t)
stammette
stammeted|stammett|stammet
stammete
hǣlan
wv Ib i)
heal
hǣle
hǣl(e)st
hǣl(e)þ
hǣlde
hǣled
hǣl
lǣran
wv Ib i)
teach
lǣre
lǣr(e)st
lǣr(e)þ
lǣrde
lǣred
lǣr
lofian
wv II
praise
lofie
lofast
lofaþ
lofode
lofod
lofa
þolian
wv II
suffer
þolie
þolast
þolaþ
þolode
þolod
þola
weċċan
wv Ic
wake
weċċe
weċest
weċeþ
weahte
weaht
weċe
bētan
wv Ib i)
make amends
bēte
bētest|bētst
bēteþ|bētt|bēt
bētte
bēted|bētt|bēt
bēt
ferian
wv Ia
carry
ferie
ferest
fereþ
ferede
fered
fere
flīeman
wv Ib i)
put to flight
flīeme
flīem(e)st
flīem(e)þ
flīemde
flīemed
flīem
ēhtan
wv Ib i)
persecute
ēhte
ēhtest|ēhst|ēhtst
ēhteþ|ēht
ēhte
ēht|ēhted
ēht
onhyrian
wv Ia
emulate
onhyrie
onhyrest
onhyreþ
onhyrede
onhyred
onhyre
hatian
wv II
hate
hatie
hatast
hataþ
hatode
hatod
hata
wyrċan
wv Ic
work
wyrċe
wyrċ(e)st
wyrċ(e)þ
worhte
geworht
wyrċ
þenċan
wv Ic
think
þenċe
þenċ(e)st
þenċ(e)þ
þōhte
þōht
þenċ
tellan
wv Ic
count
telle
telst
telþ
tealde
teald
tele
habban
wv III
have
hæbbe
hæfst
hæfþ
hæfde
hæfd
hafa
ġierwan
wv Ib ii)
prepare
ġierwe
ġierest
ġiereþ
ġierede
ġierwed|ġiered
ġiere
andswarian
wv II
answer
andswarie
andswarast
andswaraþ
andswarode
andswarod
andswara
fiellan
wv Ib i)
fell
fielle
fiellest|fielst
fielleþ|fielþ
fielde
fielled
fiell
sendan
wv Ib i)
send
sende
sendest|senst|sentst
sendeþ|sent
sende
send|sended
send
rǣran
wv Ib i)
raise
rǣre
rǣr(e)st
rǣr(e)þ
rǣrde
rǣred
rǣr
wēnan
wv Ib i)
acquire
wēne
wēn(e)st
wēn(e)þ
wēnde
wēned
wēn
spillan
wv Ib i)
destroy
spille
spillest|spilst
spilleþ|spilþ
spilde
spilled
spill
ettan
wv Ia
use for grazing
ette
etst
et(t)
ette
eted|ett|et
ete
stellan
wv Ic
place
stelle
stelst
stelþ
stealde
steald
stele
lufian
wv II
love
lufie
lufast
lufaþ
lufode
lufod
lufa
swenċan
wv Ib i)
afflict
swenċe
swenċ(e)st
swenċ(e)þ
swenċte
swenċed
swenċ
āfyrhtan
wv Ib i)
frighten
āfyrhte
āfyrhtest|āfyrhst|āfyrhtst
āfyrhteþ|āfyrht
āfyrhte
āfyrht|āfyrhted
āfyrht
sprǣdan
wv Ib i)
spread
sprǣde
sprǣdest|sprǣtst
sprǣdeþ|sprǣtt|sprǣt
sprǣdde
sprǣded
sprǣd
sċēawian
wv II
look at
sċēawie
sċēawast
sċēawaþ
sċēawode
sċēawod
sċēawa
drǣfan
wv Ib i)
expel
drǣfe
drǣf(e)st
drǣf(e)þ
drǣfde
drǣfed
drǣf
bodian
wv II
anounce
bodie
bodast
bodaþ
bodode
bodod
boda
strīenan
wv Ib i)
acquire
strīene
strīen(e)st
strīen(e)þ
strīende
strīened
strīen
senċan
wv Ib i)
cause to sink
senċe
senċ(e)st
senċ(e)þ
senċte
senċed
senċ
līexan
wv Ib i)
shine
līexe
līexest|līext
līex(e)þ
līexte
līexed
līex
forwiernan
wv Ib i)
refuse
forwierne
forwiern(e)st
forwiern(e)þ
forwiernde
forwierned
forwiern
sworettan
wv Ia
sigh;pant
sworette
sworetst
sworet(t)
sworette
sworeted|sworett|sworet
sworete
timbran
wv Ib ii)
build
timbre
timbrest
timbreþ
timbrede
timbred
timbre
cunnian
wv II
try
cunnie
cunnast
cunnaþ
cunnode
cunnod
cunna
reċċan
wv Ic
narrate
reċċe
reċest
reċeþ
reahte
reaht
reċe
wunian
wv II
dwell
wunie
wunast
wunaþ
wunode
wunod
wuna
þennan
wv Ia
stretch
þenne
þenest
þeneþ
þenede
þened
þene
hyċġan
wv III
think
hyċġe
hogast|hyġst
hogaþ|hyġþ
hogde|hogode
hogod
hyġe|hoga
endian
wv II
end
endie
endast
endaþ
endode
endod
enda
læċċan
wv Ic
seize
læċċe
læċest
læċeþ
lǣhte|lāhte
lǣht|lāht
læċe
lǣfan
wv Ib i)
leave
lǣfe
lǣf(e)st
lǣf(e)þ
lǣfde
lǣfed
lǣf
dreċċan
wv Ic
afflict
dreċċe
dreċest
dreċeþ
dreahte
dreaht
dreċe
līcian
wv II
please
līcie
līcast
līcaþ
līcode
līcod
līca
fæstan
wv Ib i)
fasten
fæste
fæstest|fæst
fæsteþ|fæst
fæste
fæst|fæsted
fæst
stillan
wv Ib i)
still
stille
stillest|stilst
stilleþ|stilþ
stilde
stilled
still

trymman

wv Ia
strengthen
trymme
trymest
trymeþ
trymede
trymed
tryme

eardian
wv II
dwell
eardie
eardast
eardaþ
eardode
eardod
earda
sċendan
wv Ib i)
put to shame
sċende
sċendest|sċenst|sċentst
sċendeþ|sċent
sċende
sċend|sċended
sċend
rǣċan
wv Ic
reach
rǣċe
rǣċ(e)st
rǣċ(e)þ
rǣhte|rāhte
rǣht|rāht
rǣċ

hlynnan

wv Ia
resound
hlynne
hlynest
hlyneþ
hlynede
hlyned
hlyne

symblan
wv Ib ii)
feast
symble
symblest
symbleþ
symblede
symbled
symble
settan
wv Ia
set
sette
setst
set(t)
sette
seted|sett|set
sete
cwellan
wv Ic
kill
cwelle
cwelst
cwelþ
cwealde
cweald
cwele
mierran
wv Ib i)
mar
mierre
mierrest|mierst
mierreþ|mierþ
mierde
mierred
mierr
wemman
wv Ib i)
defile
wemme
wemmest|wemst
wemmeþ|wemþ
wemde
wemmed
wemm
cennan
wv Ib i)
bring forth
cenne
cennest|censt
cenneþ|cenþ
cende
cenned
cenn
nemnan
wv Ib i)
name
nemne
nemnest
nemneþ
nemde
nemed|nemned
nemne
sċierpan
wv Ib i)
sharpen
sċierpe
sċierp(e)st
sċierp(e)þ
sċierpte
sċierped
sċierp
þeċċan
wv Ic
cover
þeċċe
þeċest
þeċeþ
þeahte
þeaht
þeċe
þancian
wv II
thank
þancie
þancast
þancaþ
þancode
þancod
þanca
dǣlan
wv Ib i)
share
dǣle
dǣl(e)st
dǣl(e)þ
dǣlde
dǣled
dǣl
bringan
wv Ic
think
bringe
bring(e)st
bring(e)þ
brōhte
brōht
bring
lystan
wv Ib i)
please
lyste
lystest|lyst
lysteþ|lyst
lyste
lyst|lysted
lyst

cnyssan

wv Ia
press
cnysse
cnysest
cnyseþ
cnysede
cnysed
cnyse

ġīeman
wv Ib i)
take care of
ġīeme
ġīem(e)st
ġīem(e)þ
ġīemde
ġīemed
ġīem
hiertan
wv Ib i)
encourage
hierte
hiertest|hierst|hiertst
hierteþ|hiert
hierte
hiert|hierted
hiert
dwellan
wv Ic
hinder; mislead
dwelle
dwelst
dwelþ
dwealde
dweald
dwele
smēaġan
wv II
consider
smēaġe
smēast
smēaþ
smēade
smēad
smēa
þrēaġan
wv II
reprove;afflict
þrēaġe
þrēast
þrēaþ
þrēade
þrēad
þrēa
wandrian
wv II
wander
wandrie
wandrast
wandraþ
wandrode
wandrod
wandra
tǣċan
wv Ic
teach
tǣċe
tǣċ(e)st
tǣċ(e)þ
tǣhte|tāhte
tǣht|tāht
tǣċ
dwolian
wv II
err
dwolie
dwolast
dwolaþ
dwolode
dwolod
dwola
losian
wv II
lose
losie
losast
losaþ
losode
losod
losa
syngian
wv II
sin
syngie
syngast
syngaþ
syngode
syngod
synga
clyppan
wv Ib i)
embrace
clyppe
clyppest|clypst
clyppeþ|clypþ
clypte
clypped
clypp
āscian
wv II
ask
āscie
āscast
āscaþ
āscode
āscod
āsca
þynċan
wv Ic
think
þynċe
þynċ(e)st
þynċ(e)þ
þūhte
þūht
þynċ
fēdan
wv Ib i)
feed
fēde
fēdest|fētst
fēdeþ|fētt|fēt
fēdde
fēded
fēd
fylġan
wv Ib i)
follow
fylġe
fylġ(e)st
fylġ(e)þ
fylġde
fylġed
fylġ
twēoġan
wv II
doubt
twēoġe
twēost
twēoþ
twēode
twēod
twēo
fæġnian
wv II
rejoice
fæġnie
fæġnast
fæġnaþ
fæġnode
fæġnod
fæġna

fremman

wv Ia
perform
fremme
fremest
fremeþ
fremede
fremed
freme

sċenċan
wv Ib i)
pour out
sċenċe
sċenċ(e)st
sċenċ(e)þ
sċenċte
sċenċed
sċenċ
seċġan
wv III
say
seċġe
sæġst
sæġþ
sæġde
sæġd
sæġe
byċġan
wv Ic
buy
byċġe
byġst
byġþ
bohte
boht
byġe
cweċċan
wv Ic
shake
cweċċe
cweċest
cweċeþ
cweahte
cweaht
cweċe
wrixlan
wv Ib ii)
exchange
wrixle
wrixlest
wrixleþ
wrixlede
wrixled
wrixle
ieldan
wv Ib i)
delay
ielde
ieldest|ielst|ieltst
ieldeþ|ielt
ielde
ield|ielded
ield
efstan
wv Ib i)
hasten
efste
efstest|efst
efsteþ|efst
efste
efst|efsted
efst
cȳþan
wv Ib i)
make known
cȳþe
cȳþest|cȳst
cȳþeþ|cȳþþ|cȳþ
cȳþde
cȳþed
cȳþ
wēdan
wv Ib i)
rage
wēde
wēdest|wētst
wēdeþ|wētt|wēt
wēdde
wēded
wēd
ġebyrian
wv Ia
befit;belonġ to
ġebyrie
ġebyrest
ġebyreþ
ġebyrede
ġebyred
ġebyre
hlystan
wv Ib i)
listen
hlyste
hlystest|hlyst
hlysteþ|hlyst
hlyste
hlyst|hlysted
hlyst
frettan
wv Ia
consume
frette
fretst
fret(t)
frette
freted|frett|fret
frete
leċċan
wv Ic
moisten
leċċe
leċest
leċeþ
leahte
leaht
leċe
sīþian
wv II
travel
sīþie
sīþast
sīþaþ
sīþode
sīþod
sīþa
frēoġan
wv II
love;set free
frēoġe
frēost
frēoþ
frēode
frēod
frēo
ġelīefan
wv Ib i)
believe
ġelīefe
ġelīef(e)st
ġelīef(e)þ
ġelīefde
ġelīefed
ġelīef
dīeglan
wv Ib ii)
conceal
dīegle
dīeglest
dīegleþ
dīeglede
dīegled
dīegle
īewan
wv Ib i)
show
īewe
īew(e)st
īew(e)þ
īewde
īewed
īew
wendan
wv Ib i)
turn
wende
wendest|wenst|wentst
wendeþ|went
wende
wend|wended
wend
rihtan
wv Ib i)
set right
rihte
rihtest|rihst|rihtst
rihteþ|riht
rihte
riht|rihted
riht
weċġan
wv Ia
move
wecge
weġst
weġþ
weġde
weġ(e)d
weġe
sēċan
wv Ic
seek
sēċe
sēċ(e)st
sēċ(e)þ
sōhte
sōht
sēċ
sċrȳdan
wv Ib i)
clothed
sċrȳde
sċrȳdest|sċrȳtst
sċrȳdeþ|sċrȳtt|sċrȳt
sċrȳdde
sċrȳded
sċrȳd
sellan
wv Ic
give
selle
selst
selþ
sealde
seald
sele
smierwan
wv Ib ii)
annoint
smierwe
smierest
smiereþ
smierede
smierwed|smiered
smiere
cyssan
wv Ib i)
kiss
cysse
cyssest|cyst
cysseþ|cyst
cyste
cyssed
cyss
offrian
wv II
offer
offrie
offrast
offraþ
offrode
offrod
offra
lōcian
wv II
look
lōcie
lōcast
lōcaþ
lōcode
lōcod
lōca
macian
wv II
make
macie
macast
macaþ
macode
macod
maca
clipian
wv II
call
clipie
clipast
clipaþ
clipode
clipod
clipa
leċġan
wv Ia
lay
leċġe
leġst
leġþ
leġde
leġ(e)d
leġe
wȳsċan
wv Ib i)
wish
wȳsċe
wȳsċ(e)st
wȳsċ(e)þ
wȳsċte
wȳsċed
wȳsċ
frēfran
wv Ib ii)
comfort
frēfre
frēfrest
frēfreþ
frēfrede
frēfred
frēfre
streċċan
wv Ic
stretch
streċċe
streċest
streċeþ
streahte
streaht
streċe
wierpan
wv Ib i)
recover
wierpe
wierp(e)st
wierp(e)þ
wierpte
wierped
wierp
sierwan
wv Ib ii)
devise
sierwe
sierest
siereþ
sierede
sierwed|siered
siere
ālīesan
wv Ib i)
set free
ālīese
ālīesest|ālīest
ālīeseþ|ālīest
ālīesde
ālīesed
ālīes
blendan
wv Ib i)
blind
blende
blendest|blenst|blentst
blendeþ|blent
blende
blend|blended
blend
werian
wv Ia
clothe
werie
werest
wereþ
werede
wered
were
laþian
wv II
invite
laþie
laþast
laþaþ
laþode
laþod
laþa
āwēstan
wv Ib i)
lay waste
āwēste
āwēstest|āwēst
āwēsteþ|āwēst
āwēste
āwēst|āwēsted
āwēst
fēoġan
wv II
hate
fēoġe
fēost
fēoþ
fēode
fēod
fēo
lǣdan
wv Ib i)
lead
lǣde
lǣdest|lǣtst
lǣdeþ|lǣtt|lǣt
lǣdde
lǣded
lǣd
rȳman
wv Ib i)
make room
rȳme
rȳm(e)st
rȳm(e)þ
rȳmde
rȳmed
rȳm
þyrstan
wv Ib i)
thirst
þyrste
þyrstest|þyrst
þyrsteþ|þyrst
þyrste
þyrst|þyrsted
þyrst
drenċan
wv Ib i)
give to drink
drenċe
drenċ(e)st
drenċ(e)þ
drenċte
drenċed
drenċ
mǣnan
wv Ib i)
moan
mǣne
mǣn(e)st
mǣn(e)þ
mǣnde
mǣned
mǣn
īeċan
wv Ib i)
increase
īeċe
īeċ(e)st
īeċ(e)þ
īeċte
īeċed
īeċ
derian
wv Ia
hurt
derie
derest
dereþ
derede
dered
dere
grētan
wv Ib i)
greet
grēte
grētest|grētst
grēteþ|grētt|grēt
grētte
grēted|grētt|grēt
grēt
herian
wv Ia
praise
herie
herest
hereþ
herede
hered
here
hīeran
wv Ib i)
hear
hīere
hīer(e)st
hīer(e)þ
hīerde
hīered
hīer
sċildan
wv Ib i)
protect
sċilde
sċildest|sċilst|sċiltst
sċildeþ|sċilt
sċilde
sċild|sċilded
sċild
spildan
wv Ib i)
destroy
spilde
spildest|spilst|spiltst
spildeþ|spilt
spilde
spild|spilded
spild
lettan
wv Ia
hinder
lette
letst
let(t)
lette
leted|lett|let
lete
libban
wv III
live
libbe
leofast
leofaþ
lifde
lifd
leofa
andettan
wv Ia
confess
andette
andetst
andet(t)
andette
andeted|andett|andet
andete
fēran
wv Ib i)
journey
fēre
fēr(e)st
fēr(e)þ
fērde
fēred
fēr
fyllan
wv Ib i)
fill
fylle
fyllest|fylst
fylleþ|fylþ
fylde
fylled
fyll
hyngran
wv Ib ii)
hunger
hyngre
hyngrest
hyngreþ
hyngrede
hyngred
hyngre
fandian
wv II
try
fandie
fandast
fandaþ
fandode
fandod
fanda
weorþian
wv II
honour
weorþie
weorþast
weorþaþ
weorþode
weorþod
weorþa
nerian
wv Ia
save
nerie
nerest
nereþ
nerede
nered
nere
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