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178 Old English Strong Verbs


Old English Strong Verbs: 178 Old Englsh Strong Verbs (no compounds except where verb only exists as a compound) Format: Question: OE infinitive Answer: Class; English translation; 2. sg. pres.; 3. sg. pres. ; Pret sg.: Pret Pl.; Past Part.


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From
swincan
3
work
swincst
swincþ
swanc
swuncon
swuncen
cuman
4
come
cymst
cymþ
cōm
cōmon
cumen
ċēosan
2
choose
ċīest
ċīest
ċēas
curon
coren
helpan
3
help
hilpst
hilpþ
healp
hulpon
holpen
brēoþan
2
decay
bríest
brīeþ(þ)
brēaþ
bruþon
broþen
drǣdan
7
fear
drǣtst|drǣdest
drǣt(t)|drǣdeþ
drēd|dreord|drǣdde
drēdon|dreordon|drǣddon
drǣden|drǣded
grīpan
1
grip
grīpst
grīpþ
grāp
gripon
gripen
sċacan
6
shake
sċæcst
sċæcþ
sċōc
sċōcon
sċacen
brinnan
3
burn
brinst
brinþ
brann
brunnon
brunnen
hrēowan
2
cause sorrow
hrīewst
hrīewþ
hrēaw
hruwon
hrowen
wrītan
1
write
wrītst
wrīt(t)
wrāt
writon
writen
fretan
5
devour
fritst
frit(t)
frǣt
frǣton
freten
rōwan
7
row
rēwst
rēwþ
rēow
rēowon
rōwen
biernan
3
burn
biernst
biernþ
barn
burnon
burnen
cweþan
5
say
cwist
cwiþ(þ)
cwæþ
cwǣdon
cweden
wrecan
5
avenge
wricst
wricþ
wræc
wrǣcon
wrecen

fēolan

3
enter
fielst
fielþ
fealh
fulgon
folgen

brēotan
2
break
brīetst
brīet(t)
brēat
bruton
broten
berstan
3
burst
birst
birst
bærst
burston
borsten

swāpan

7
sweep
swǣpst
swǣpþ
swēop
swēopon
swāpen

lēogan
2
deceive
līehst
līehþ
lēag
lugon
logen
feohtan
3
fight
fieh(t)st
fieht
feaht
fuhton
fohten
feallan
7
fall
fielst
fielþ
fēoll
fēollon
feallen
hlēapan
7
leap
hlīepst
hlīepþ
hlēop
hlēopon
hlēapen
sēoþan
2
boil
sīest
sīeþ(þ)
sēaþ
sudon
soden
hrēosan
2
fall
hrīest
hrīest
hrēas
hruron
hroren
blandan
7
mix
blen(t)st
blent
blēnd
blēndon
blanden
lācan
7
play
lǣcst
lǣcþ
lēc
lēcon
lācen
ġieldan
3
pay
ġiel(t)st
ġielt
ġeald
guldon
golden
rīsan
1
rise
rīst
rīst
rās
rison
risen
friġnan
3
ask
friġnest|friġnst
friġneþ|friġnþ
fræġn
frugnon
frugnen
lǣtan
7
allow
lǣtst
lǣt(t)
lēt|leort
lēton|leorton
lǣten
bēodan
2
command
bīetst
bīett
bēad
budon
boden
helan
4
conceal
hilst
hilþ
hæl
hǣlon
holen
frēosan
2
freeze
frīest
frīest
frēas
fruron
froren
spannan
7
fasten
spenst
spenþ
spēonn
spēonnon
spannen
sacan
6
contend
sæcst
sæcþ
sōc
sōcon
sacen
drincan
3
drink
drincst
drincþ
dranc
druncon
druncen
hweorfan
3
turn
hwierfst
hwierfþ
hwearf
hwurfon
hworfen
fealdan
7
fold
fiel(t)st
fielt
fēold
fēoldon
fealden

breġdan

3
draw (a weapon)
breġdest
breġdeþ
bræġd
brugdon
brogden

smēocan
2
smoke
smīecst
smīecþ
smēac
smucon
smocen
onġinnan
3
begin
onġinst
onġinþ
ongann
ongunnon
ongunnen
lūcan
2
lock
lȳcst
lȳcþ
lēac
lucon
locen
drēogan
2
endure
drīehst
drīehþ
drēag
drugon
drogen
sāwan
7
sow
sǣwst
sǣwþ
sēow
sēowon
sāwen
blāwan
7
blow
blǣwst
blǣwþ
blēow
blēowon
blāwen
hrīnan
1
touch
hrīnst
hrīnþ
hrān
hrinon
hrinen
grōwan
7
grow
grēwst
grēwþ
grēow
grēowon
grōwen
drepan
5
strike
dripst
dripþ
dræp
drǣpon
drepen|dropen
wāwan
7
blow
wǣwst
wǣwþ
wēow
wēowon
wāwen
ġēotan
2
pour
ġīetst
ġīet(t)
ġēat
guton
goten
slǣpan
7
sleep
slǣpst
slǣpþ
slēp|slǣpte
slēpon|slǣpton
slǣpen
drēosan
2
fall
drīest
drīest
drēas
druron
droren
healdan
7
hold
hieltst
hielt
hēold
hēoldon
healden
belgan
3
become angry
bilgst
bilgþ
bealg
bulgon
bolgen
clēofan
2
cleave
clīefst
clīefþ
clēaf
clufon
clofen
stelan
4
steal
stilst
stilþ
stæl
stǣlon
stolen
hrōpan
7
shout
hrēwst
hrēwþ
hrēop
hrēopon
hrōpen
slēan
6
strike
sliehst
sliehþ
slōg|slōh
slōgon
slæġen|slagen|sleġen
dragan
6
draw
drægst
drægþ
drōg
drōgon
dragen
swōgan
7
sound
swēġst
swēġþ
swēog
swēogon
swōgen
hebban
6
raise
hefst
hefþ
hōf
hōfon
hafen
wlītan
1
behold
wlītst
wlīt(t)
wlāt
wliton
wliten
steppan
6
step
stepst
stepþ
stōp
stōpon
stapen
rǣdan
7
advise
rǣtst|rǣdest
rǣt(t)|rǣdeþ
rēd|reord|rǣdde
rēdon|reordon|rǣddon
rǣden|rǣded
findan
3
find
fin(t)st
fint
fand|funde
fundon
funden
þrāwan
7
twist
þrǣwst
þrǣwþ
þrēow
þrēowon
þrāwen
winnan
3
fight
winst
winþ
wann
wunnon
wunnen
steorfan
3
die
stierfst
stierfþ
stearf
sturfon
storfen
bītan
1
bite
bītst
bīt(t)
bāt
biton
biten
sċīnan
1
shine
sċīnst
sċīnþ
sċān
sċinon
sċinen
brecan
4
break
bricst
bricþ
bræc
brǣcon
brocen
climban
3
climb
climbst
climbþ
clamb
clumbon
clumben
sċrīþan
1
glide
sċrī(þ)st
sċrī(þ)þ
sċrāþ
sċridon
sċriden
lesan
5
gather
list
list
læs
lǣson
lesen
biddan
5
pray
bitst
bit(t)
bæd
bǣdon
beden
flēotan
2
float
flīetst
flīet(t)
flēat
fluton
floten
būgan
2
bow
bȳġst
bȳġþ
bēag
bugon
bogen
bēatan
7
beat
bīetst
bīet(t)
bēot
bēoton
bēaten
drīfan
1
drive
drīfst
drīfþ
drāf
drifon
drifen
beran
4
bear
birst
birþ
bær
bǣron
boren
frīnan
3
ask
frīnest
frīneþ
frān
frūnon
frūnen
flōwan
7
flow
flēwst
flēwþ
flēow
flēowon
flōwen
cnāwan
7
know
cnǣwst
cnǣwþ
cnēow
cnēowon
cnāwen
sēon
5
see
siehst
siehþ
seah
sāwen
sewen
blīcan
1
shine
blīcst
blīcþ
blāc
blicon
blicen
bindan
3
bind
bin(t)st
bint
band
bundon
bunden
grindan
3
grind
grin(t)st
grint
grand
grundon
grunden
beġietan
5
ġet
beġietst
beġiet(t)
beġeat
beġēaton
beġieten
sittan
5
sit
sitst
sit(t)
sæt
sǣton
seten
spinnan
3
spin
spinst
spinþ
spann
spunnon
spunnen
swellan
3
swell
swilst
swilþ
sweall
swullon
swollen
springan
3
spring
springst
springþ
sprang
sprungon
sprungen
sċrīfan
1
shrive; impose penance
sċrīfst
sċrīfþ
sċrāf
sċrifon
sċrifen
weorþan
3
become
wier(þ)st
wierþ
wearþ
wurdon
worden
snīþan
1
cut
snī(þ)st
snī(þ)þ
snāþ
snidon
sniden
þersċan
3
thresh
þirsċst
þirsċþ
þærsċ
þursċon
þorsċen
strīdan
1
stride
strītst
strīt(t)
strād
stridon
striden
faran
6
go
færst
færþ
fōr
fōron
faren
rīdan
1
ride
rītst
rīt(t)
rād
ridon
riden
sċūfan
2
push
sċȳfst
sċȳfþ
sċēaf
sċufon
sċofen
ġefēon
5
rejoice
ġefiehst
ġefiehþ
ġefeah
ġefǣgon
(ġefeġen)
stincan
3
stink
stincst
stincþ
stanc
stuncon
stuncen
bacan
6
bake
bæcst
bæcþ
bōc
bōcon
bacen
ġenesan
5
be saved
ġenist
ġenist
ġenæs
ġenǣson
ġenesen
sweltan
3
die
swil(t)st
swilt
swealt
swulton
swolten
māwan
7
mow
mǣwst
mǣwþ
mēow
mēowon
māwen
hladan
6
load
hlædst
hlædþ
hlōd
hlōdon
hladen
sincan
3
sink
sincst
sincþ
sanc
suncon
suncen
cwelan
4
die
cwilst
cwilþ
cwæl
cwǣlon
cwolen
sċieran
4
cut
sċierest|sċierst
sċiereþ|sċierþ
sċear
sċēaron
sċorn
etan
5
eat
itst
it(t)
ǣt
ǣton
eten
wefan
5
weave
wifst
wifþ
wæf
wǣfon
wefen
stīgan
1
ascend
stīhst
stīhþ
stāg
stigon
stiġen
meltan
3
melt
mil(t)st
milt
mealt
multon
molten
sċieppan
6
create
sċiepst
sċiepþ
sċōp
sċōpon
sċapen
iernan
3
run
iernst
iernþ
arn
urnon
urnen
ġiefan
5
ġive
ġiefst
ġiefþ
ġeaf
ġēafon
ġiefen
forlēosan
2
lose
forlīest
forlīest
forlēas
forluron
forloren
līþan
1
go
lī(þ)st
lī(þ)þ
lāþ
lidon
liden
beorgan
3
protect
biergst
biergþ
bearg
burgon
borgen
swefan
5
sleep
swifst
swifþ
swæf
swǣfon
swefen
wacan
6
be born
wæcst
wæcþ
wōc
wōcon
wacen
rinnan
3
run
rinst
rinþ
rann
runnon
runnen
niman
4
take
nim(e)st
nim(e)þ
nōm
nōmon
numen
brūcan
2
enjoy
brȳcst
brȳcþ
brēac
brucon
brocen
bīdan
1
wait
bītst
bīt(t)
bād
bidon
biden
þēon
1
prosper
þīehst
þīehþ
þāh
þigon|þungon
þiġen|þungen
ġelimpan
3
happen
ġelimpst
ġelimpþ
ġelamp
ġelumpon
ġelumpen
spōwan
7
succeed
grēwst
grēwþ
spēow
spēowon
spōwen
blōtan
7
sacrifice
blētst
blēt(t)
blēot
blēoton
blōten
gangan
7
go
genst
genþ
gēong
gēongon
gangen
ġielpan
3
boast
ġielpst
ġielpþ
ġealp
gulpon
golpen
wrōtan
7
root up
wrētst
wrēt(t)
wrēot
wrēoton
wrōten
slīdan
1
slide
slītst
slīt(t)
slād
slidon
sliden
wealdan
7
rule
wiel(t)st
wielt
wēold
wēoldon
wealden
belīfan
1
remain
belīfst
belīfþ
belāf
belifon
belifen
streġdan
3
strew
streġdest
streġdeþ
stræġd
strugdon
strogden
standan
6
stand
stentst
stent
stōd
stōdon
standen
sċādan
7
separate
sċēatst
sċēat(t)
sċēd|sċēad
sċēdon|sċēad
sċāden
crēopan
2
creep
crīepst
crīepþ
crēap
crupon
cropen
bannan
7
summon
benst
benþ
bēonn
bēonnon
bannen
sċēotan
2
shoot
sċīetst
sċīet(t)
sċēat
sċuton
sċoten
murnan
3
mourn
myrnst|murnest|murnst
myrnþ|murneþ|murnþ
mearn
murnon
(mornen)
swerian
6
swear
swerest
swereþ
swōr
swōron
sworen
sūcan
2
suck
sȳcst
sȳcþ
sēac
sucon
socen
ġiellan
3
yell
ġielst
ġielþ
ġeall
gullon
gollen
brecan
5
break
bricst
bricþ
bræc
brǣcon
brecen(?)
swimman
3
swim
swimst
swimþ
swamm
swummon
swummen
dūfan
2
dive
dȳfst
dȳfþ
dēaf
dufon
dofen
wadan
6
go
wædst
wædþ
wōd
wōdon
waden
hēawan
7
hew
hīewst
hīewþ
hēow
hēowon
hēawen
liċġan
5
lie
liġst
liġþ
læġ
lǣgon
leġen
swelgan
3
swallow
swilġst
swilġþ
swealg
swulgon
swolgen
wealcan
7
roll
wielcst
wielcþ
wēolc
wēolcon
wealcen
metan
5
measure
mitst
mit(t)
mæt
mǣton
meten
weorpan
3
throw
wierpst
wierpþ
wearp
wurpon
worpen
sprecan
5
speak
spricst
spricþ
spræc
sprǣcon
sprecen
hwōpan
7
threaten
hwēpst
hwēpþ
hwēop
hwēopon
hwōpen
wringan
3
wring
wringst
wringþ
wrang
wrungon
wrungen
singan
3
sing
singst
singþ
sang
sungon
sungen
spurnan
3
spurn
spyrnst
spyrnþ
spearn
spurnon
spornen
tredan
5
tread
tritst
trit(t)
træd
trǣdon
treden
weaxan
7
grow
wiext
wiext
wēox
wēoxon
weaxen
wītan
1
guard; blame
wītst
wīt(t)
wāt
witon
witen
glīdan
1
wait
glītst
glīt(t)
glād
glidon
gliden
nēotan
2
use
nīetst
nīet(t)
nēat
nuton
noten
ċeorfan
3
ċarve
ċierfst
ċierfþ
ċearf
curfon
corfen
lūtan
2
bend
lȳtst
lȳtþ
lēat
luton
loten
hliehhan
6
laugh
hliehst
hliehþ
hlōh
hlōgon
--------
teran
4
tear
tirst
tirþ
tær
tǣron
toren
wēpan
7
weep
wēpst
wēpþ
wēop
wēopon
wōpen
delfan
3
dig
dilfst
dilfþ
dealf
dulfon
dolfen
hātan
7
call
hǣtst
hǣt(t)
hēt
hēton
hāten
þweran
4
stir
þwirst
þwirþ
þwær
þwǣron
þworen
wegan
5
carry
wiġst
wiġþ
wæġ
wǣgon
wegen
flēogan
2
fly
flīehst
flīehþ
flēag
flugon
flogen
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