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Du Chinese 2021



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to seek, to request, to demand
qiú 求
(not only ...) but also
ér qiě 而且
to be worth, to deserve
zhí de 值得
instead, but rather
ér shì 而是
to earn, to make a profit
zhuàn 赚
chicken egg
jī dàn 鸡蛋
skin
pí fū 皮肤
great, excellent, wonderful
bàng 棒
hotel
lǚ guǎn 旅馆
famous brand
míng pái 名牌
woman
fù nǚ 妇女
breakfast
zǎo cān 早餐
ear
ěr duo 耳朵
to agree, to reply, to respond
dā ying 答应
in other words
huàn jù huà shuō 换句话说
forever, eternal
yǒng yuǎn 永远
since, as, this being the case
jì rán 既然
according to, based on, basis
gēn jù 根据
from now on, in the future, time to come
wǎng hòu 往后
to get rid of, to exclude, to remove
qù diào 去掉
(slang) to roast, to ridicule
tù cáo 吐槽
to idle on the job
mó yáng gōng 磨洋工
thought, thinking, idea
sī xiǎng 思想
hole
dòng 洞
at the present time, currently
mù qián 目前
classifier for long thin things (ribbon, river, road, trousers etc)
tiáo 条
specific (to), characteristic (of), distinctive
tè yǒu 特有
to hit, to strike, to knock
qiāo 敲
strict, tight, rigorous
yán gé 严格
to reflect on, to ponder over
sī kǎo 思考
to advance, to try to improve oneself, to make progress
xiàng shàng 向上
to close, to stop up, to obstruct
bì 闭
passport
hù zhào 护照
to read, to study, reading of word (i.e. pronunciation), the character for Du Chinese
dú 读
to sign (one's name), signature
qiān zì 签字
approximately, probably
dà yuē 大约
to clean, to sweep
dǎ sǎo 打扫
to get angry, to throw a tantrum
fā pí qi 发脾气
common, joint, together
gòng tóng 共同
to remind, to call attention to, to warn of
tí xǐng 提醒
elevator, escalator
diàn tī 电梯
scenery, landscape
fēng jǐng 风景
to be startled, to be shocked, to be amazed
chī jīng 吃惊
nervous, tense
jǐn zhāng 紧张
in a short while, all at once, all of a sudden
yí xià zi 一下子
whole, complete, entire
zhěng 整
to cooperate, to collaborate, cooperation
hé zuò 合作
to wave one's hand, to gesture with one's hand (beckoning, waving good-bye etc), to swing one's arms
bǎi shǒu 摆手
whether (or not), if, is or isn't
shì fǒu 是否
toilet
cè suǒ 厕所
example, precedent, case
lì 例
regarding, as far as sth is concerned
duì yú 对于
to remember
jì zhù 记住
really, actually, indeed
shí zài 实在
result, effect
xiào guǒ 效果
to exchange, to communicate
jiāo liú 交流
to take, to get, to choose
qǔ 取
basically, fundamentally
jī běn 基本
to settle (a dispute), to resolve, to solve
jiě jué 解决
clean, neat
gān jìng 干净
hare, rabbit
tù zi 兔子
interest in sth, curiosity, inquisitive
hào qí xīn 好奇心
story, tale
gù shi 故事
to pronounce, pronunciation, to emit sound
fā yīn 发音
stapler, stapling machine
dìng shū jī 订书机
classifier for events, things, clothes etc
jiàn 件
water heater
rè shuǐ qì 热水器
paint, dye, pigment
yán liào 颜料
to agree, to consent, to approve
tóng yì 同意
at, on
yú 于
miser, penny-pincher
xiǎo qì guǐ 小气鬼
to be away from, (in giving distances) from
lí 离
deficiency, lack
quē 缺
to be afraid, to be scared
hài pà 害怕
Prince Charming, knight in shining armor
bái mǎ wáng zǐ 白马王子
to dare
gǎn 敢
to change, to alter, to transform
gǎi 改
dizzy
tóu yūn 头晕
to wait a moment
shāo děng 稍等
other, another, separate
lìng 另
front, the front side, in front of
qián bian 前边
to work overtime
jiā bān 加班
thin, weak, light
báo 薄
to try to find, to look for, to call on sb
zhǎo 找
cheap, inexpensive
pián yi 便宜
to affect, function, impact
zuò yòng 作用
centimeter
lí mǐ 厘米
personally, with one's own hands
qīn shǒu 亲手
snacks, between-meal nibbles
líng shí 零食
history
lì shǐ 历史
the back, the reverse side
bèi miàn 背面
to speak, to explain
jiǎng 讲
preparation, to prepare, to be about to
zhǔn bèi 准备
to wear, to put on
chuān 穿
traveler, tourist
yóu kè 游客
to throw, to throw away
rēng 扔
influence, effect, to disturb
yǐng xiǎng 影响
public transport vehicle, town bus
gōng jiāo chē 公交车
extremely, exceedingly
jí le 极了
almost, nearly, practically
jī hū 几乎
to exercise, sports, exercise
yùn dòng 运动
drink, beverage
yǐn liào 饮料
beach
hǎi tān 海滩
pronunciation, literary (rather than colloquial) pronunciation of a Chinese character
dú yīn 读音
bank
yín háng 银行
paper clip
huí xíng zhēn 回形针
however, yet, but
rán ér 然而
suddenly, abruptly
tū rán 突然
hello (when answering the phone)
wéi 喂
symptom (of an illness)
zhèng zhuàng 症状
very, completely
shí fēn 十分
to count, to enumerate
shǔ 数
blessings, to wish sb well
zhù fú 祝福
to decide
jué dìng 决定
thus, consequently, as a result
yīn cǐ 因此
painter
huà jiā 画家
courtesy, manners
lǐ mào 礼貌
gossip, complaint, scandal
xián huà 闲话
separately or individually
fēn bié 分别
won't do, unable to, (at the end of a rhetorical question) can that be?
bù chéng 不成
deliberately, on purpose
gù yì 故意
convenient, suitable
fāng biàn 方便
to meet, to run into, to come across
yù dào 遇到
must, to have to, compulsory
bì xū 必须
disgusting, nauseating
ě xīn 恶心
that amount or more
yǐ shàng 以上
glutinous rice and choice of filling wrapped in leaves and boiled
zòng zi 粽子
to love ardently, to adore
rè ài 热爱
lightly, softly
qīng qīng 轻轻
not at all surprising (idiom)
bù zú wéi qí 不足为奇
good and honest, kindhearted
shàn liáng 善良
floor, storied building
lóu 楼
to pay (money)
zhī fù 支付
to take a vacation, to go on holiday
xiū jià 休假
everything in disorder (idiom); in a hideous mess
luàn qī bā zāo 乱七八糟
interesting, amusing
yǒu qù 有趣
to select, to choose
xuǎn zé 选择
a guilty conscience
kuī xīn 亏心
to lose, to put aside, to throw away
diū 丢
scrambled eggs
chǎo dàn 炒蛋
to come across, to run into, to meet
pèng dào 碰到
final, ultimate
zuì zhōng 最终
to participate, to join
cān jiā 参加
sweat, perspiration
hàn shuǐ 汗水
to delay, to drag on
tuō 拖
neighbor, next door
lín jū 邻居
next, secondly
qí cì 其次
lover (of art, sports etc), amateur, enthusiast
ài hào zhě 爱好者
to feel vexed, to bother, to trouble
fán 烦
pollution, contamination
wū rǎn 污染
after all, actually, when all is said and done
dào dǐ 到底
rubbish bin, trash can, garbage can
lā jī tǒng 垃圾桶
old-fashioned, out of date
guò shí 过时
instead, on the contrary
fǎn ér 反而
firecrackers, string of small firecrackers
biān pào 鞭炮
otherwise, or else
yào bù 要不
flavor, smell
wèi dào 味道
side effect
fù zuò yòng 副作用
tradition, traditional
chuán tǒng 传统
fat, plump
pàng 胖
reality, actuality, real
xiàn shí 现实
to be patient, patience
nài xīn 耐心
plan, idea, decision
zhǔ yi 主意
weight equal to 0.5 kg
jīn 斤
to win a prize, a successful gamble
zhòng jiǎng 中奖
service
fú wù 服务
answer, solution
dá àn 答案
freshwater lake
dàn shuǐ hú 淡水湖
antonym, opposite
fǎn yì cí 反义词
pride, arrogance, conceited
jiāo ào 骄傲
to excuse, to forgive, to bear with
bāo hán 包涵
to nod
diǎn diǎn tóu 点点头
shirt, blouse
chèn shān 衬衫
(slang) overly sensitive, butthurt
bō li xīn 玻璃心
to be disappointed, to lose hope
shī wàng 失望
at last, finally
zhōng yú 终于
in a low voice, (speak) in whispers
xiǎo shēng 小声
stomach, abdomen, belly
dù zi 肚子
to arrive late
chí dào 迟到
to protect, to defend, to safeguard
bǎo hù 保护
it is said that, reportedly
jù shuō 据说
change, variation
biàn huà 变化
fluent
liú lì 流利
to advertise, a commercial, advertisement
guǎng gào 广告
message
xìn xī 信息
purpose, aim, goal
mù dì 目的
definitely, absolute, unconditional
jué duì 绝对
video
shì pín 视频
to roll, to take a hike, Get lost!
gǔn 滚
to point at or to, to indicate or refer to
zhǐ 指
to become, to turn into
chéng wéi 成为
to comprehend, to understand, comprehension
lǐ jiě 理解
to arrange, to plan, to set up
ān pái 安排
peculiar, unusual, queer
qí tè 奇特
to relax
fàng sōng 放松
difference, discrepancy
chā yì 差异
to stay
dāi 呆
not the only, not merely
bù dān 不单
intoxicated, drunk
zuì 醉
additional, in addition, other
lìng wài 另外
society
shè huì 社会
assistance, to help
bāng zhù 帮助
through, via
tōng guò 通过
finger
shǒu zhǐ 手指
store, shop
shāng diàn 商店
capability, ability
néng lì 能力
lip
zuǐ chún 嘴唇
strange, unfamiliar
mò shēng 陌生
color
yán sè 颜色
to act as
zuò wéi 作为
even, so far as to
shèn zhì 甚至
to brake (when driving), to stop, to switch off
shā chē 刹车
aunt, woman of similar age to one's parents
ā yí 阿姨
game
yóu xì 游戏
to cut, to cut apart
gē 割
old, worn (with age)
jiù 旧
repeatedly, again and again
lián lián 连连
hurried, worried, to make (sb) anxious
jí 急
(suffix indicating firmness, steadiness, or coming to a halt)
zhù 住
to tease (play with), amusing
dòu 逗
to remain, left over
shèng xià 剩下
market
shì chǎng 市场
to put in order, to tidy up
shōu shi 收拾
to hire, to rent
zū 租
at long last, finally, on the whole
zǒng suàn 总算
cramp, charley horse, to pull a tendon
chōu jīn 抽筋
bustling with noise and excitement, lively
rè nao 热闹
smoothly, without a hitch
shùn lì 顺利
we or us (including both the speaker and the person(s) spoken to)
zán men 咱们
common saying, proverb, colloquial speech
sú yǔ 俗语
often, frequently
wǎng wǎng 往往
nose
bí zi 鼻子
to draw
huà 画
everywhere, all over
biàn 遍
to stroll, to visit
guàng 逛
to propose, to suggest
jiàn yì 建议
person, people
rén 人
numerous
zhòng duō 众多
to have bad luck, to be out of luck
dǎo méi 倒霉
to stammer, to stutter
kǒu chī 口吃
to look forward to, to await, expectation
qī dài 期待
clear, distinct, to understand thoroughly
qīng chu 清楚
subject, title, topic
tí mù 题目
the left side, to the left of
zuǒ bian 左边
to make people feel even more stressed or annoyed (coll.)
tiān dǔ 添堵
appearance, phenomenon
xiàn xiàng 现象
plan, project, program
jì huà 计划
painstaking effort, meticulous care
xīn xuè 心血
skill, technique
jì qiǎo 技巧
to retain, to keep, to preserve
liú 留
address
dì zhǐ 地址
accountant, accountancy, accounting
kuài jì 会计
to receive (letter etc)
jiē dào 接到
climate
qì hòu 气候
to delay, to put off, to procrastinate
tuō yán 拖延
sausage
xiāng cháng 香肠
key
yào shi 钥匙
importance
zhòng yào xìng 重要性
as a result, consequently
yú shì 于是
bowl, cup
wǎn 碗
to hold up an umbrella
dǎ sǎn 打伞
refrigerator, icebox
bīng xiāng 冰箱
annual, year (e.g. school year, fiscal year)
nián dù 年度
to be capable of, can
néng gòu 能够
cheek, face (often of child)
liǎn dàn'r 脸蛋儿
even if, even though
jí shǐ 即使
orange juice
chéng zhī 橙汁
to catch up with, to make it in time
gǎn 赶
pressure
yā lì 压力
reason, grounds, justification
lǐ yóu 理由
for the past few years
jìn nián lái 近年来
to change, to alter, to transform
gǎi biàn 改变
tourism, travel
lǚ yóu 旅游
to guess
cāi 猜
among, in, included among these
qí zhōng 其中
excited, excitement
xīng fèn 兴奋
many, a lot of
xǔ duō 许多
car
qì chē 汽车
skirt, dress
qún zi 裙子
to wish for, to desire, hope
xī wàng 希望
geography
dì lǐ 地理
to be familiar with, to know well
shú xī 熟悉
to come to one's senses, to dawn on
huí guò shén lái 回过神来
any, whatever
rèn hé 任何
to discuss, to talk over
tǎo lùn 讨论
great effort, to strive, to try hard
nǔ lì 努力
(not) at all
bìng 并
room
fáng jiān 房间
research, a study
yán jiū 研究
pregnant woman
yùn fù 孕妇
willing (to do sth)
yuàn yì 愿意
(coll.) As a matter of fact, ... (used to introduce evidence for what one has just asserted)
zhè bu 这不
comparatively, rather
jiào 较
well-known, famous, renowned
wén míng 闻名
to share
fēn xiǎng 分享
news
xīn wén 新闻
in general
yì bān 一般
to pay attention to, to follow sth closely
guān zhù 关注
to leave a message, to leave one's comments, message
liú yán 留言
to mention, to raise (a subject), to refer to
tí dào 提到
friends and relatives
qīn yǒu 亲友
more or less
huò duō huò shǎo 或多或少
aviation
háng kōng 航空
to invite, invitation
yāo qǐng 邀请
to spread, popular
liú xíng 流行
(of a person) to turn round, to face about
zhuǎn shēn 转身
first, first time
shǒu cì 首次
to smell, to sniff sth out, to perceive by smelling
wén dào 闻到
content
nèi róng 内容
suntan lotion, sunscreen cream
fáng shài shuāng 防晒霜
-ly, structural particle
de 地
unexpectedly, to one's surprise, actually
jìng rán 竟然
a lie, untrue statement, misstatement
jiǎ huà 假话
to fish (with line and hook), to dupe
diào yú 钓鱼
quiet, calm
ān jìng 安静
to flow, to disseminate, to circulate or spread
liú 流
to lessen, to decrease, to reduce
jiǎn shǎo 减少
education
jiào yù 教育
concrete, definite, specific
jù tǐ 具体
in the end, as a result
jié guǒ 结果
to take along with one
dài shàng 带上
main, most important
zhǔ yào 主要
forecast
yù bào 预报
leaf, foliage
yè zi 叶子
to envy, to admire
xiàn mù 羡慕
not only
fēi dàn 非但
subway, metro
dì tiě 地铁
poor, exhausted
qióng 穷
lit. crow's beak, fig. person who has made an inauspicious remark, fig. harbinger of doom.
wū yā zuǐ 乌鸦嘴
next, following
jiē xià lái 接下来
internet
wǎng luò 网络
countless, numberless, innumerable
wú shù 无数
due to, as a result of, thanks to
yóu yú 由于
police, police officer
jǐng chá 警察
head of a household, family head
jiā zhǎng 家长
condition, requirement
tiáo jiàn 条件
face
liǎn 脸
to repair
xiū hǎo 修好
still, yet
réng rán 仍然
general, common
pǔ biàn 普遍
classifier for meals, beatings, scoldings etc: time, bout, spell, meal
dùn 顿
and, together with
yǔ 与
all, entirely
dōu 都
to understand, to realize, to find out
liǎo jiě 了解
to sign up, to apply, to register
bào míng 报名
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