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UG ETV1 VOC - Word List 1 - Word + Definition


ETV1 Word List - 500 Word set Front: Word - Back: Full detail with Definition


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precarious
Definition: likely to become worse
wary of sth or someone
Definition: to be watchful, to be on one's guard against danger
collateral
Definition: 1) additional but subordinate; secondary, 2) (euphemistic) denoting inadvertent casualties and destruction in civilian areas in the course of military operations, 3) descended from the same stock but by a different line, 4) situated side by side; parallel
convene
Definition: to come or bring together for a meeting or activity
bolster
Definition: to support, to strengthen
elusive
Definition: difficult to describe, find, achieve, or remember
latent
Definition: existing but not yet developed or manifested
partisan
Definition: prejudiced in favour of a particular cause, (political) party, person or idea
contingent
Definition: 1) subject to chance, 2) (of losses, liabilities, etc.) that can be anticipated to arise if a particular event occurs, 3) occurring or existing only if certain circumstances are the case
enlist
Definition: 1) to engage (a person or their help or support), 2) to enrol or be enrolled in the armed services, 3) to participate actively in a cause or enterprise, 4) to engage the support or cooperation of
sturdy
Definition: physically strong and solid or thick, and therefore unlikely to break or be hurt; strong and determined
agile
Definition: 1) able to move quickly and easily, 2) able to think or understand quickly and easily
proofread
Definition: to read (printer's proofs or other written or printed material) and mark any errors
vicinity
Definition: the area near or surrounding a particular place
confer
Definition: 1) to discuss something, 2) to give someone a title or medal
dexterity
Definition: skill in performing tasks, especially with the hands
conjure up
Definition: 1) to create or achieve something difficult or unexpected, as if by magic, 2) to bring something such as a feeling or memory to your mind, 3) to make something appear using magic powers
meticulously
Definition: done carefully and with great attention to every little detail
proponent
Definition: a person who advocates a theory, proposal, or course of action
vacancy
Definition: 1) a space or place that is available to be used, 2) a job that no one is doing and is therefore available for someone new to do, 3) empty space
lacklustre
Definition: lacking in vitality, force, or conviction; uninspired or uninspiring
complementary
Definition: combining in such a way as to enhance or emphasise the qualities of each other or another
apprehension
Definition: the anxiety or fear that something bad or unpleasant will happen
tenuous
Definition: very weak or slight; unsubstantial
epiphany
Definition: a sudden insight or intuitive understanding; a moment of sudden revelation
eventuality
Definition: a possible event or outcome
disclosure
Definition: the action of making new or secret information known
far-flung
Definition: 1) distant or remote, 2) widely distributed
chain of events
Definition: a series of actions that follow up on each other, each one caused by its predecessor
adverse
Definition: preventing success or development
consciousness
Definition: state or quality of awareness
countenance
Definition: 1) a person's face or expression, 2) support or approval
vehemently
Definition: showing strong feeling; forceful, passionate, or intense.
opaque
Definition: 1) impossible to see through, 2) hard to understand (especially of language)
give rise to
Definition: cause to happen
inhibition
Definition: a feeling of embarrassment that makes one self-conscious and unable to act in a normal, natural way
panacea
Definition: a solution or remedy for all difficulties, problems or diseases
at a stretch
Definition: 1) in one continuous period, 2) only with difficulty or in extreme circumstances
perfunctory
Definition: (of an action) carried out without real interest, feeling, or effort
paragon
Definition: a person or thing regarded as a perfect example of a particular quality
recrimination
Definition: an accusation in answer to an accusation made against oneself
credible
Definition: 1) able to be believed; reasonable to trust or believe, 2) good enough to be effective
secession
Definition: the action of withdrawing formally from membership of a federation or body, especially a political state
pivotal
Definition: of crucial importance in relation to the development or success of something else
hapless
Definition: having no luck, unfortunate and deserving pity
by and large
Definition: everything considered
askew
Definition: crookedly, at an angle
peer review
Definition: evaluation of scientific, academic, or professional work by others working in the same field
white-collar
Definition: relating to the work done or the people who work in an office or other professional environment
apt
Definition: appropriate or suitable regarding the circumstances
ambivalent
Definition: 1) holding opposite feelings and attitudes at the same time toward someone or something, 2) continually wavering between opposites or alternative courses of action
weary
Definition: physically or mentally exhausted by hard work, exertion, strain
epoch
Definition: 1) a particular period of time in history or a person's life, 2) an extended period of time usually characterised by a distinctive development or by a memorable series of events
guise
Definition: an external form, appearance, or manner of presentation, typically concealing the true nature of something
deter
Definition: to discourage (from acting) or prevent (from occurring), usually by instilling fear, doubt, or anxiety
redress
Definition: to remedy or set right (an undesirable or unfair situation)
stem from
Definition: to be caused by (something or someone); to come from (something or someone)
emblematic
Definition: serving as a symbol of a particular quality or concept; symbolic
manifest
Definition: 1) display or show (a quality or feeling) by one's acts or appearance; demonstrate, 2) prove, 3) become apparent through the appearance of symptoms
allege
Definition: to claim or assert that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically without proof
instil
Definition: 1) gradually, but firmly establish (an idea, feeling or attitude) in a person’s mind, so that it has a strong influence on this person's way of living, 2) put a substance into something in the form of liquid drops
pathological
Definition: 1) involving or caused by a physical or mental disease, 2) compulsive; obsessive
irreverent
Definition: not showing the expected respect for official, important, or holy things
erudite
Definition: characterised by great knowledge; learned or scholarly
deficient
Definition: 1) insufficient or inadequate, 2) not having enough of a specified quality or ingredient
quintessential
Definition: representing the most perfect or typical example of a quality or class
infinite
Definition: having no limit or end, boundless, unlimited, immense, vast
perpetual
Definition: ceaseless or never changing
provoke
Definition: 1) to stimulate or give rise to (a reaction or emotion, typically a strong or unwelcome one) in someone, 2) to stimulate or incite (someone) to do or feel something, especially by arousing anger in them 3) deliberately make (someone) annoyed or angry
derivative
Definition: imitative of the work of another artist, writer, etc., and usually disapproved of for that reason
oratory
Definition: the act of public speaking, especially in a formal and eloquent manner
ubiquitous
Definition: existing or being everywhere at the same time, constantly encountered
dawn
Definition: 1) to begin to grow light as the sun rises, 2) to begin to appear or develop, 3) to begin to be perceived or understood
reticent
Definition: unwilling to speak about your thoughts or feelings, not revealing your thoughts or feelings easily
momentous
Definition: of great importance or significance, especially in having a bearing on future events
aforementioned
Definition: denoting a thing or person previously mentioned
coherence
Definition: 1) the quality of being logical and consistent, 2) the quality of forming a unified whole
in hindsight
Definition: understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened
emanate (from)
Definition: 1) (of something abstract but perceptible) issue or spread out from (a source), 2) originate from; be produced by
denounce
Definition: 1) publicly declare to be wrong or evil or accuse someone of being evil, 2) to criticise something or someone strongly and publicly
involuntary
Definition: against someone's will or done without conscious control
retention
Definition: 1) the act of retaining or state of being retained, 2) the capacity to hold or retain liquid, 3) the capacity to remember
administer
Definition: 1) to manage and be responsible for the running of (a business, organization, etc.), 2) to be responsible for the implementation or use of (law or resources), 3) to dispense or apply (a remedy or drug)
profound
Definition: 1) (of a state, quality, or emotion) very great or intense, 2) (of a person or statement) having or showing great knowledge or insight
consecutive
Definition: following one after another without an interruption
stakeholder
Definition: 1) someone who has an investment in something, 2) someone who has an interest in something
lucid
Definition: 1) very clear and easy to understand, 2) able to think clearly
tweak
Definition: 1) to improve (a mechanism or system) by making fine adjustments to it, 2) to twist or pull (something) sharply
leap out
Definition: (especially of writing) be conspicuous; stand out
juvenile
Definition: psychologically and/or physically immature or underdeveloped
mainstream
Definition: the ideas, attitudes, or activities that are shared by most people and regarded as normal or conventional
efficacy
Definition: capacity for producing a desired result or effect
refurbish
Definition: to make neat, clean, or complete, as by renovating, re-equipping, or restoring
hunch
Definition: an idea based on a feeling that can't be explained
kudos
Definition: praise and honour received for an achievement
bigotry
Definition: 1) intolerance toward those who hold different opinions from oneself, 2) having and expressing strong, unreasonable beliefs and disliking other people who have different beliefs or a different way of life
primacy
Definition: the fact of being pre-eminent or most important
off the grid
Definition: 1) not connected to the basic services, especially electricity, 2) living in such a way you survive without running water, electricity and modern devices
a bird's eye view
Definition: 1) a view from a high angle as if seen by a bird in flight, 2) an overall or cursory look at something
curt
Definition: appearing rude because very few words are used, or because something is done in a very quick way
fickle
Definition: changing frequently, especially as regards one's loyalties or affections
illiterate
Definition: unable to read or write
lapsed
Definition: having ceased to be active in practice, membership, or belief
inadequacy
Definition: 1) the fact that something is not good enough or is too small in amount, 2) a lack of confidence that makes you feel unable to deal with a situation
curate
Definition: select, organise, and look after the items in a collection or exhibition
ostentatious
Definition: displaying wealth, knowledge in a way that is meant to attract attention, admiration
excerpt
Definition: a short part taken from a speech, book, film, etc.
thrive
Definition: 1) to grow vigorously, 2) to gain in wealth or possessions
aberration
Definition: a state or condition markedly different from the norm
avail oneself of
Definition: use or take advantage of (an opportunity or available resource)
by the book
Definition: strictly according to the rules
deception
Definition: 1) the act of causing someone to accept as true or valid what is false or invalid; the act of deceiving, 2) the fact or condition of being deceived, 3) something that deceives
laughing stock
Definition: a person subjected to general mockery or ridicule
consent
Definition: permission for something to happen or agreement to do something
pawn
Definition: 1) a chess piece of the smallest size and value, 2) a person used by others for their own purposes
aspire
Definition: 1) to direct one's hopes or ambitions toward achieving something, 2) rise high; tower
galore
Definition: in great amounts or numbers
a far cry from
Definition: to be very different to
frown on/upon sth
Definition: to disapprove of something
make amends
Definition: correct a mistake that one has made or a bad situation that one has caused
subvert
Definition: to undermine the power and authority of (an established system or institution)
steadfastly
Definition: in a resolutely or dutifully firm and unwavering manner
scope sth out
Definition: to assess or investigate something carefully
eclectic
Definition: composed of elements drawn from various sources
analogous to
Definition: comparable in certain respects, typically in a way which makes clearer the nature of the things compared
scorn
Definition: 1) feel or express contempt or disdain for, 2) to refuse advice or an offer because you are too proud
invoke
Definition: 1) to cite or appeal to (someone or something) as an authority for an action or in support of an argument, 2) to call earnestly for, 3) to call on (a deity or spirit) in prayer, as a witness, or for inspiration
staunchly
Definition: in a very loyal and committed manner
irrespective (of)
Definition: not taking (something) into account; regardless of
conflicted
Definition: having or showing confused and mutually inconsistent feelings
serendipity
Definition: 1) an unsought, unintended, and/or unexpected, but fortunate, discovery and/or learning experience that happens by accident, 2) a combination of events which are not individually beneficial, but occurring together to produce a good or wonderful outcome
a change of heart
Definition: when you have a change of heart, you change your opinion or feelings about something
leap at
Definition: to accept (an opportunity) eagerly
utmost
Definition: most extreme
a dim view
Definition: having a negative, unfavourable, or disapproving view.
diligent
Definition: having or showing care and conscientiousness in one's work or duties
defy
Definition: to oppose with boldness, offer resistance
enforce
Definition: 1) to force people to obey a law, 2) to make a certain situation happen, 3) to make people accept a certain situation
conscientious
Definition: careful, with attention to detail, willing to complete a task well
jump on the bandwagon
Definition: to participate in something popular or a trend
lenient
Definition: (of a punishment or person in authority) more merciful or tolerant than expected
wily
Definition: skilled at gaining an advantage, especially deceitfully
concur
Definition: 1) to be of the same opinion, 2) to happen at the same time
confine
Definition: 1) keep or restrict someone or something within certain limits of (space, scope, or time), 2) restrain or forbid someone from leaving (a place), 3) to be unable to leave
foregone conclusion
Definition: a result that can be predicted with certainty
follow-up
Definition: 1) a continuation or repetition of something that has already been started or done, 2) a further examination or observation of a patient in order to monitor the success of earlier treatment, 3) a piece of work that builds on or exploits the success of earlier work
falter
Definition: to speak hesitantly
pedant
Definition: someone who is excessively concerned with minor details and rules or with displaying academic learning
aspiration
Definition: a strong desire, longing, or aim
colloquial
Definition: denoting a manner of speaking or writing that is characteristic of familiar conversation
juxtaposition
Definition: the fact of two things being seen or placed close together with contrasting effect
nexus
Definition: a connection or series of connections linking two or more things
prosaic
Definition: having or using the style or diction of prose as opposed to poetry; something described as dull, unimaginative or ordinary
fluke
Definition: an unlikely chance occurrence, especially a surprising piece of luck
spurious
Definition: 1) not being what it purports to be; false or fake, 2) (of a line of reasoning) apparently but not actually valid
redundant
Definition: no longer needed or useful
deficiency
Definition: a lack of something that is necessary
subliminal
Definition: below the threshold of sensation or consciousness; perceived by or affecting someone's mind without their being aware of it
quid pro quo
Definition: a favour or advantage given in return for something (literally ‘something for something’)
meet (someone's) expectations
Definition: to be as good as or have the qualities that someone predicted, expected, or hoped for
on a par with
Definition: equal in importance or quality to
incessantly
Definition: to do something constantly without stopping
nondescript
Definition: lacking distinctive or interesting features or characteristics
encompassing
Definition: 1) surrounding and having or holding within, 2) including comprehensively
retribution
Definition: punishment inflicted on someone as vengeance for a wrong or criminal act
quibble
Definition: to argue or raise objections about a trivial matter
offset
Definition: 1) a consideration or amount that diminishes or balances the effect of an opposite one, 2) the amount or distance by which something is out of line
sparsely
Definition: in a thinly dispersed manner; in small numbers
literate
Definition: 1) able to read and write, 2) having or showing education or knowledge, typically in a specified area
burgeon
Definition: to grow and flourish
albeit
Definition: though, although
cursory
Definition: hasty and therefore not thorough or detailed
exhaustive
Definition: including or considering all elements or aspects; fully comprehensive
quell
Definition: 1) to suppress or beat down, 2) to get rid of unpleasant thoughts or feelings, or to prevent them from becoming stronger 
beg the question
Definition: 1) (of a fact or action) to raise a point that has not been dealt with; invite an obvious question, 2) to assume the truth of an argument or proposition to be proved, without arguing it
intercept
Definition: to obstruct (someone or something) so as to prevent them from continuing to a destination
far-fetched
Definition: unlikely or unconvincing
contagious
Definition: 1) transmissible by direct or indirect contact with an infected person, 2) exciting similar emotions or conduct in others
protracted
Definition: lasting for a long time or longer than expected
tentatively
Definition: subject to further confirmation; not definitely
in vain
Definition: without success or result
let alone
Definition: used to indicate that something is far less likely or suitable than something else already mentioned
opt for
Definition: make a choice from a range of possibilities
awry
Definition: away from the usual or expected course
brood
Definition: think deeply about something that makes one unhappy, angry, or worried
laureate
Definition: a person who is honoured with an award for outstanding creative or intellectual achievement
bleak
Definition: empty, not welcoming or attractive, cold and unpleasant, little or no hope for the future
feasible
Definition: able to be carried out
gamut
Definition: the complete range or scope of something
dilute
Definition: 1) weaken a certain quality of something, 2) make something thinner or less concentrated by adding a liquid, 3) decrease in value
conformity
Definition: 1) compliance with standards, rules, or laws, 2) behaviour in accordance with socially accepted conventions, 3) similarity in form or type; agreement in character
pervasive
Definition: (especially of an unwelcome influence or physical effect) spreading widely throughout an area or a group of people
abrasive
Definition: rude, unfriendly
palatable
Definition: 1) (of an action or proposal) acceptable or satisfactory, 2) (of food or drink) pleasant to taste
implode
Definition: 1) to burst inward, 2) to collapse inward as if from external pressure, 3) to break down or fall apart from within
unhinged
Definition: mentally unbalanced; deranged
peripheral
Definition: relating to or situated on the edge or periphery of something
default
Definition: 1) failure to fulfil an obligation, especially to repay a loan or appear in a law court, 2) something that is usual or standard
precipitous
Definition: 1) dangerously high or steep, 2) done suddenly and without careful consideration
aloof
Definition: 1) not friendly or forthcoming; cool and distant, 2) conspicuously uninvolved
erroneously
Definition: in a mistaken way; incorrectly
mitigate
Definition: to make (something bad) less severe, serious, or painful
entail
Definition: to involve (something) as a necessary or inevitable part or consequence
abide by
Definition: to accept or act in accordance with (a rule, decision, or recommendation)
insurmountable
Definition: (especially of a problem or a difficulty) so great that it cannot be overcome
leap
Definition: 1) to jump or spring a long way, to a great height, or with great force, 2) to jump across, 3) to move quickly and suddenly, 4) to make a sudden rush to do something; act eagerly and suddenly, 5) (of a price, amount, etc.) increase dramatically
inclination
Definition: 1) a person's natural tendency or urge to act or feel in a particular way; a disposition, 2) the angle at which a straight line or plane is inclined to another, 3) the fact or degree of sloping
bluster
Definition: 1) to talk in a loud, aggressive, or indignant way with little effect, 2) (of a storm, wind, or rain) blow or beat fiercely and noisily
brazen
Definition: 1) bold and without shame, 2) made of brass, 3) harsh in sound
unequivocal
Definition: expressed in a clear and certain way, leaving no doubt
nonetheless
Definition: despite what has just been said or done
coarse
Definition: 1) of ordinary or inferior quality or value, 2) of loose or rough texture, 3) designed for fast, heavy or rough labour, 4) unrefined in language, manners or taste
volatile
Definition: likely to change rapidly and unpredictably, especially for the worse
disposition
Definition: 1) a person's inherent qualities of mind and character, 2) an inclination or tendency, 3) the way in which something is placed or arranged, especially in relation to other things, 4) the distribution or transfer of property or money to someone, especially by bequest, 5) the power to deal with something as one pleases
threshold
Definition: 1) the magnitude or intensity that must be exceeded for a certain reaction, phenomenon, result, or condition to occur or be manifested, 2) the bottom half of a doorway
dire
Definition: (of a situation or event) extremely serious or urgent
cave in
Definition: to collapse and fall into the space below
(on) the verge of sth
Definition: to be very close to experiencing or achieving something
generic
Definition: 1) characteristic of or relating to a class or group of things; not specific, 2) (of goods, especially medicinal drugs) having no brand name; not protected by a registered trademark, 3) (derogatory) lacking imagination or individuality; predictable and unoriginal
ratify
Definition: to make an agreement official, especially of governments or organisations
devolution
Definition: 1) the moving of power or responsibility from a main organisation to a lower level, or from a central government to a local government, 2) the movement of power or responsibility from one person or group to another, 3) descent to a lower or worse state, 4) evolutionary degeneration
commute
Definition: to travel regularly between your place of work and your home
inflected
Definition: 1) changing in form according to grammatical function such as tense, mood, number, gender etc, 2) slightly changed by the influence of a particular thing
acumen
Definition: quickness, accuracy, and keenness of judgment or insight
exacting
Definition: demanding a great amount of skill, attention, effort, care or other resources
impertinence
Definition: a lack of respect
road map
Definition: 1) a plan for how to achieve something, 2) a map, especially one designed for motorists, showing the roads of a country or area
edict
Definition: 1) an official announcement that has the force of a law, 2) an order or command
itinerary
Definition: a detailed plan or route of a journey
mediate
Definition: 1) to intervene in a dispute in order to bring about an agreement or reconciliation, 2) to talk to two separate people or groups involved in a disagreement to try to help them to agree or find a solution to their problems
flux
Definition: a continuous moving on or passing by (as of a stream)
attorney
Definition: (UK) a person, typically a lawyer, appointed to act for another in business or legal matters, (US) any qualified lawyer
purveyor
Definition: a person or group who spreads or promotes an idea/view
a priori
Definition: relating to or denoting reasoning or knowledge which proceeds from theoretical deduction rather than from observation or experience
deterioration
Definition: the process of becoming worse than before
short-lived
Definition: existing or happening for only a short time
evasive
Definition: tending to avoid commitment or self-revelation, especially by responding only indirectly
trickle
Definition: 1) to flow, or to make something (a liquid) flow, slowly in a thin stream, 2) to come or go slowly or gradually
constitute
Definition: 1) to be (a part) of a whole, 2) to combine to form (a whole), 3) to be or be equivalent to (something), 4) to give legal or constitutional form to (an institution); establish by law
blue-collar
Definition: relating to manual work or workers, particularly in industry
indulge in
Definition: to allow oneself to enjoy the pleasure of
be/feel under the weather
Definition: feeling ill
collected
Definition: 1) (of a person) calm and self-controlled, 2) (of individual works) brought together in one volume or edition
collision
Definition: 1) an act or instance of colliding, 2) an encounter between particles (such as atoms or molecules) resulting in exchange or transformation of energy
reiterate
Definition: to say or do again or repeatedly
keep/hold sth at bay
Definition: prevent someone or something from approaching or having an effect
deplorable
Definition: 1) deserving strong condemnation; completely unacceptable, 2) shockingly bad in quality
holistic
Definition: dealing with or treating the whole of something or someone and not just a part
red herring
Definition: information that is (intentionally) misleading, a clue that is meant to distract
patronise
Definition: to behave in an offensively condescending manner toward someone
top-down
Definition: 1) proceeding from the general to the particular, 2) denoting a system of government or management in which actions and policies are initiated at the highest level; hierarchical
fruitless
Definition: failing to achieve the desire results; unproductive or useless
trite
Definition: lacking in effectiveness or freshness because of constant use of excessive repetition; dull on account of overuse
bipartisan
Definition: of or involving the agreement or cooperation of two political parties that usually oppose each other's policies
harbour
Definition: 1) to keep (a thought or feeling, typically a negative one) in one's mind, especially secretly, 2) to give home or shelter to
opt out
Definition: choose not to participate in something
imminently
Definition: very soon
fathom
Definition: to understand after much, intensive thought
take sth on
Definition: to compete against someone or start a fight with someone, especially someone bigger or better than you
canon
Definition: 1) the works of a particular author or artist that are recognised as genuine, 2) the list of works considered to be permanently established as being of the highest quality
improper
Definition: not in accordance with accepted standards, especially of morality or honesty
abysmal
Definition: extremely bad
ensue
Definition: 1) to follow, to come after something, 2) to happen or occur afterwards or as a result
drizzle
Definition: to rain gently, in fine drops
amalgam
Definition: 1) a mixture or blend, 2) an alloy of mercury with another metal, especially one used for dental fillings
agitation
Definition: a state of anxiety or nervous excitement
downplay
Definition: to make (something) appear less important than it really is
deadlock
Definition: 1) a situation, typically one involving opposing parties, in which no progress can be made, 2) a situation in a game or match where the scores are level
altercation
Definition: a noisy argument or disagreement, especially in public
assuage
Definition: to make less severe, to lessen the intensity
strident
Definition: 1) characterised by harsh, insistent, and discordant sound, 2) expressing opinions or criticism in a very forceful and often annoying or unpleasant way
render
Definition: 1) to provide or give (a service, help, etc.), 2) cause to be or become; make
symposium
Definition: 1) a conference or meeting to discuss a particular subject, 2) a collection of essays or papers on a particular subject by a number of contributors, 3) a drinking party or convivial discussion, especially as held in ancient Greece after a banquet (and notable as the title of a work by Plato)
quandary
Definition: 1) a state of perplexity or uncertainty over what to do in a difficult situation, 2) a difficult situation; a practical dilemma
concession
Definition: 1) a compromise, 2) a reduction or discount given by an organisation, 3) a right or privilege.
utter
Definition: complete, absolute or extreme
susceptible
Definition: 1) likely or liable to be influenced or harmed by a particular thing, 2) (of a person) easily influenced by feelings or emotions; sensitive
inept
Definition: not skilled, incompetent or inefficient
palpable
Definition: 1) capable of being touched, 2) easy to notice
prolific
Definition: 1) present in large numbers or quantities, 2) producing a great number or amount of something
stringent
Definition: (of regulations, requirements, or conditions) strict, precise, and exacting
unaccountable
Definition: unable to be explained
virtue
Definition: 1) moral excellence; goodness; righteousness, 2) conformity of one's life and conduct to moral and ethical principles; uprightness; rectitude, 3) chastity; virginity, 4) a particular moral excellence, 5) a good or admirable quality or property, 6) effective force; the power or potency
spur-of-the-moment
Definition: unintended, unplanned
nil
Definition: non-existent
heinous
Definition: hatefully or shockingly evil
wither
Definition: 1) to dry up because of dehydration, 2) to fall into decay or decline, 3) humiliate (someone) with a scornful look or manner
disparage
Definition: to regard or represent as being of little worth
salvation
Definition: 1) deliverance from the power and effects of sin, 2) liberation from ignorance or illusion, 3) preservation from destruction or failure / deliverance from danger or difficulty
shun
Definition: 1) to avoid something, 2) persistently avoid, ignore, or reject (someone or something) through antipathy or caution
ingrained
Definition: (of a habit, belief, or attitude) firmly fixed or established; difficult to change
huddle
Definition: 1) (no object, with adverbial) to crowd together; nestle closely, 2) (Br.E., with object and adverbial) to heap together in a disorderly manner, 3) (AM.E., no object) to have a private discussion; confer
subdued
Definition: not strong, loud, intense
obsolete
Definition: outdated, no longer in use
array
Definition: 1) an impressive display or range of a particular type of thing, 2) an ordered series or arrangement
societal
Definition: relating to society or social relations
decisive
Definition: 1) settling an issue; producing a definite result, 2) having or showing the ability to make decisions quickly and effectively
poignant
Definition: having a strong effect on your feelings, especially in a way that makes you feel sad
brevity
Definition: 1) concise and exact use of words in writing or speech, 2) shortness of duration
ephemeral
Definition: lasting one day only; lasting a for a very short time
surplus
Definition: 1) the amount that remains when use or need is satisfied, 2) an excess of receipts over disbursements, 3) the excess of a corporation's net worth over the par or stated value of its stock
premonition
Definition: a strong feeling that something is about to happen, especially something unpleasant
jot
Definition: to write (something) quickly
venture
Definition: 1) new activity, usually in business, that involves risk or uncertainty, 2) a risky or daring journey or undertaking
venture
Definition: to take the risk to go somewhere or do something that is dangerous or unpleasant, say something that might be criticised
supersede
Definition: to take the place of (a person or thing previously in authority or use)
negligible
Definition: so small or unimportant as to be not worth considering
likelihood
Definition: the state or fact of something's being likely; probability
premise
Definition: a previous statement or proposition from which another is inferred or follows as a conclusion
riposte
Definition: a quick, clever reply to an insult or criticism
preliminary
Definition: preceding or done in preparation for something fuller or more important
discourse
Definition: 1) written or spoken communication or debate, 2) a formal discussion of a topic in speech or writing, 3) (in linguistics) a connected series of utterances; a text or conversation
inkling
Definition: a slight knowledge or suspicion; a hint
under the auspices of
Definition: with the help, support, or protection of
derogatory
Definition: showing a critical or disrespectful attitude
composure
Definition: the state or feeling of being calm and in control of oneself
defer
Definition: to put something off in time
languid
Definition: (of a person, manner, or gesture) having or showing a disinclination for physical exertion or effort
discard
Definition: 1) to throw something away or get rid of it because you no longer want or need it, 2) to remove (a playing card) from one’s hand
blithely
Definition: 1) in a way that shows a casual and cheerful indifference considered to be callous or improper, 2) in a happy or carefree manner
ludicrous
Definition: so foolish, unreasonable, or out of place as to be amusing
requisite
Definition: (noun) a thing that is necessary for the achievement of a specified end, (adjective) necessary for a particular purpose
gullible
Definition: tending to believe everything, even false information
intricate
Definition: complex or difficult to understand
destitute
Definition: 1) without money, food, a home, or possessions 2) devoid of
convoluted
Definition: (especially of an argument, story, or sentence) extremely complex and difficult to follow
heed
Definition: to pay careful attention to somebody’s advice or warning
staggering
Definition: astonishing or shocking, difficult to believe, overwhelming
innocuous
Definition: 1) having no adverse effect, 2) not likely to offend or provoke to strong emotion
complacency
Definition: a feeling of smug or uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one's achievements
clutch at straws
Definition: to be in such a desperate situation as to resort to even the most unlikely means of salvation
self-contained
Definition: complete, or having all that is needed, in itself
expenditure
Definition: payment or expense
forfeit
Definition: to lose or give up something, usually as a penalty
commendable
Definition: deserving praise
irreversible
Definition: no possibility of being changed
bona fide
Definition: genuine; real
relish
Definition: to enjoy something that satisfies one's tastes or desires
cunning
Definition: having or showing skill in achieving one's ends by deceit or evasion
miscellaneous
Definition: 1) (of items or people gathered or considered together) of various types or from different sources, 2) (of a collection or group) composed of members or elements of different kinds, 3) being diverse
enigmatic
Definition: full of mystery and difficult to understand
expletive
Definition: a word that is considered offensive, a swear word
ponder
Definition: think about (something) carefully, especially before making a decision or reaching a conclusion
induce
Definition: 1) to succeed in persuading or leading (someone) to do something, 2) to bring about or give rise to
transient
Definition: lasting only for a short time, impermanent
demonstrably
Definition: in a way that is clearly apparent or capable of being logically proved
vile
Definition: extremely unpleasant
blueprint
Definition: 1) a design plan, a detailed drawing, 2) a model, plan or template
unparalleled
Definition: 1) having no parallel or equal, 2) exceptional
hallmark
Definition: 1) a typical characteristic or feature of a person / thing, 2) a mark stamped on articles of gold, silver, or platinum by the British assay offices, certifying their standard of purity
condone
Definition: 1) to accept (behaviour that is considered morally wrong or offensive), 2) to approve or sanction (something), especially with reluctance
restraint
Definition: 1) a measure or condition that keeps someone or something under control, 2) unemotional, dispassionate, or moderate behaviour
violate
Definition: 1) break or fail to comply with (a rule or formal agreement), 2) fail to respect (someone's peace, privacy, or rights), 3) treat (something sacred) with irreverence or disrespect
equation
Definition: 1) in mathematics, a statement that the values of two mathematical expressions are equal (indicated by the sign =), 2) the process of equating one thing with another
adversity
Definition: a difficult or unpleasant situation
reverence
Definition: a deep respect for someone or something
comply with
Definition: to act according to the prescribed rules
incite
Definition: to move to action, stir up, spur on, urge on
hegemony
Definition: 1) preponderant influence or authority over others, 2) the social, cultural, ideological, or economic influence exerted by a dominant group
out of one's depth
Definition: beyond one's knowledge or ability to cope
persona
Definition: the aspect of someone's character that is presented to or perceived by others
notable
Definition: deserving to be noticed or distinguished
nonce
Definition: (of a word or expression) coined for or used on one occasion
prerequisite
Definition: (noun) a thing that is required as a prior condition for something else to happen or exist, (adjective) required as a prior condition
underscore
Definition: 1) to underline, 2) to emphasise
myriad
Definition: 1) countless or extremely great number of people or things, 2) (chiefly in classical history) a unit of ten thousand
intrusive
Definition: causing disruption or annoyance through being unwelcome or uninvited
placid
Definition: pleasantly calm or peaceful; serenely quiet or undisturbed
arcane
Definition: understood by few; mysterious or secret, cryptic
numb
Definition: 1) (of a part of the body) unable to feel anything, 2) (of a person) unable to feel any emotion
counteract
Definition: to act against (something) in order to reduce its force or neutralise it
idle
Definition: 1) without purpose or effect; pointless, 2) (of a person) avoiding work; lazy
consolidate
Definition: 1) to bring together several things, so that they become more effective, 2) to make physically stronger or firmer, 3) to dispose of unwanted items and organise the remaining.
esteem
Definition: to have great respect or high regard for
tacit
Definition: understood without being openly expressed
overdue
Definition: past the scheduled or expected time
endeavour
Definition: to try (mainly used for something that takes effort)
avail
Definition: to be of use or value
compelling
Definition: provoking so much interest to the point of being irresistible
benign
Definition: of a gentle disposition, showing kindness and gentleness
brittle
Definition: 1) something easy to break, 2) an unstable mood or situation, 3) a loud, short and sharp sound
impart
Definition: to make something known
rampant
Definition: (especially of something unwelcome) flourishing or spreading unchecked
literacy
Definition: the ability to read and write
forge
Definition: 1) to make an illegal copy of something in order to deceive people, 2) to put a lot of effort into making something successful or strong so that it will last
definitively
Definition: 1) the end of an action, 2) authoritative and apparently exhaustive, 3) to define or specify precisely, 4) to serve as a perfect example
subordinate
Definition: to be placed in or belonging to a lower order or rank than something or someone else
intricacies
Definition: details, especially of an involved or perplexing subject
tenacity
Definition: the quality or fact of being very determined, implies persistence
muddle up
Definition: bring into a disordered or confusing state
tedious
Definition: boring, too slow or long
distortion
Definition: 1) the action of distorting or the state of being distorted, 2) the action of giving a misleading account or impression
a plethora of sth
Definition: overabundance, excess, surplus
apprehensive
Definition: anxious or fearful that something bad or unpleasant will happen
edifice
Definition: 1) a large, imposing building, 2) a complex system of beliefs
idiosyncratic
Definition: unique to an individual or thing; relating to eccentricity; characteristic individual quality
ostensibly
Definition: as appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so; apparently
nought
Definition: 1) the number zero (Br.E.), 2) nothing
lag
Definition: fail to keep up with another or others in movement or development
innumerable
Definition: too many to be counted (often used hyperbolically)
hedge one's bets
Definition: to avoid committing oneself when faced with a difficult choice
discrepancy
Definition: an illogical or surprising lack of compatibility or similarity between two or more facts
incisive
Definition: very clear and direct, able to explain difficult ideas clearly and confidently
candour
Definition: the quality of being open and honest
inconclusive
Definition: not leading to a firm conclusion or result; not ending doubt or dispute
cogent
Definition: convincing; relevant, to the point
unbiased
Definition: 1) fair and not influenced by your own or somebody else’s opinions, desires, etc., 2) showing no prejudice for or against something
adamant
Definition: 1) refusing to be persuaded or to change one's mind, 2) not giving in or relenting
in conjunction with
Definition: in relation to, in combination with
red tape
Definition: excessive bureaucracy or adherence to official rules and formalities
adhere to
Definition: to follow closely, observe, or represent
loathing
Definition: a feeling of intense dislike or disgust; hatred
maxim
Definition: an expression of general truth or principle
penultimate
Definition: last but one in a series of things; second last
succinct
Definition: said clearly and shortly, without unnecessary words
retort
Definition: to say something in answer to a remark, typically in a sharp, angry, or witty manner
epitome of
Definition: a person or thing that is a perfect example of a particular quality or type
underpin
Definition: to support, justify, or form the basis for
disjointed
Definition: lacking a coherent sequence or connection
reassessment
Definition: the consideration or assessment of something again, in the light of new or different factors
self-conscious
Definition: 1) feeling nervous or uncomfortable because you are worried about what people think about you or your actions, 2) (about actions and intentions) done deliberately, 3) (in psychology and philosophy) having knowledge of one's own existence, especially the knowledge of oneself as a conscious being.
incidence
Definition: the number of times something happens, especially crime and disease
scrutinise
Definition: to examine carefully, to study in detail
reciprocal
Definition: given, felt, or done in return
compendium
Definition: collection of concise but detailed information about a particular subject, especially in a book or other publication
notwithstanding
Definition: nevertheless; in spite of this
seminal
Definition: strongly influencing later developments
astute
Definition: having or showing an ability to notice and understand things clearly, mentally sharp or clever
suffice
Definition: to be enough
instigate
Definition: 1) to bring about or initiate (an action or event), 2) (instigate someone to do something) incite someone to do something, especially something bad
mouthpiece
Definition: a person or organisation who speaks on behalf of another person or organisation
pinnacle
Definition: the most successful point; the culmination
infallible
Definition: 1) incapable of making mistakes or being wrong, 2) never failing; always effective, 3) (in the Roman Catholic Church) credited with papal infallibility
rectify
Definition: to set right; correct
silver lining
Definition: every difficult or sad situation has a comforting or more hopeful aspect, even though this may not be immediately apparent
refrain (from)
Definition: stop oneself from doing something
stark
Definition: 1) severe or bare in appearance or outline, 2) stiff, rigid, or incapable of movement
stoop
Definition: to lower one's moral standards so far as to do something reprehensible
eligible
Definition: 1) having the right to do or obtain something; satisfying the appropriate conditions, 2) (of a person) desirable or suitable as a partner in marriage
barrister
Definition: (UK) a person called to the bar and entitled to practise as an advocate, particularly in the higher courts
nifty
Definition: 1) particularly good, skilful, or effective, 2) attractive or stylish
pry
Definition: enquire too inquisitively into a person's private affairs
cut someone some slack
Definition: to allow someone some leeway in their conduct
counterpart
Definition: a person or thing that corresponds to or has the same function as another person or thing in a different place or situation
fleeting
Definition: lasting for a very short time
inconceivable
Definition: not capable of being imagined or grasped mentally; unbelievable
wit
Definition: 1) the capacity for inventive thought and quick understanding; keen intelligence, 2) good sense, 3) a natural aptitude for using words and ideas in a quick and inventive way to create humour
animosity
Definition: a strong feeling of dislike or hatred, ill will or resentment tending toward active hostility, an antagonistic attitude
ardent
Definition: showing strong feelings, very enthusiastic
speak out
Definition: to express one's opinions frankly and publicly
legacy
Definition: 1) an amount of money or property left to someone in a will, 2) something left or handed down by a predecessor
scarce
Definition: deficient in quantity or number compared with the demand, not plentiful or abundant
compile
Definition: to collect information from different places and arrange it in a book, report, or list
auspicious
Definition: showing or suggesting that future success is likely
lest
Definition: with the intention of preventing (something undesirable); to avoid the risk of
reluctantly
Definition: hesitating before you do something because you do not really want to do it
renowned
Definition: known or talked about by many people; famous
sprout
Definition: 1) to appear suddenly in large numbers, 2) to start growing, 3) to produce shoots, buds, or leaves
lend itself to sth
Definition: to be suitable for something
empirical
Definition: with experimental evidence
viable
Definition: capable of working successfully; feasible
elicit
Definition: to evoke or draw out (a reaction, answer, or fact) from someone
boisterous
Definition: (of a person, event or behaviour) noisy, energetic, full of life and cheerful
stratification
Definition: 1) arrangement or classification of something in different groups, 2) the formation of strata in rock
mundane
Definition: 1) lacking interest or excitement, 2) of this earthly world rather than a heavenly or spiritual one
deduce
Definition: to reach an answer or a decision by thinking carefully about the known facts
scope
Definition: the extent of the area or subject matter that something deals with or to which it is relevant
austere
Definition: 1) severe or strict in manner or attitude, 2) (of living conditions or a way of life) having no comforts or luxuries, 3) having a plain and unadorned appearance
flimsy
Definition: lacking in physical strength or substance, having little worth or plausibility
evoke
Definition: 1) to bring or recall (a feeling, memory, or image) to the conscious mind, 2) to elicit (a response)
propensity
Definition: an inclination or natural tendency to behave in a particular way
extrapolate
Definition: to extend the application of (a method or conclusion) to an unknown situation by assuming that existing trends will continue or similar methods will be applicable
turnout
Definition: 1) the number of people who attend a particular event, 2) the number of people who vote in a particular election
livid
Definition: extremely angry
novice
Definition: a person new to and inexperienced in a job or situation
apocryphal
Definition: (of a story or statement) of doubtful authenticity, although widely circulated as being true
dour
Definition: relentlessly severe, stern, or gloomy in manner or appearance
stipulate
Definition: to specify as a condition or requirement (as part of an agreement or offer)
dwell
Definition: to live in a place or in a particular way
copious
Definition: abundant in supply or quantity
coax
Definition: persuade (someone) gradually or gently to do something
in the dark
Definition: to not know about something that other people know about
reassure
Definition: to comfort someone and stop them from worrying
solicitor
Definition: (UK) a member of the legal profession qualified to deal with conveyancing, the drawing up of wills, and other legal matters. A solicitor may also instruct barristers and represent clients in some courts
taken aback
Definition: to be shocked or surprised
fallacy
Definition: 1) a false or mistaken idea, 2) deceptive appearance, 3) an often plausible argument using false or invalid inference
intermittent
Definition: occurring at irregular intervals; not continuous or steady
embark upon sth
Definition: to start something new or important
conversely
Definition: introducing a statement or idea which reverses one that has just been made or referred to
ail
Definition: to cause difficulties or trouble for someone
hold the line
Definition: not yield to the pressure of a difficult situation
herald
Definition: 1) a sign announcing that something important (and often good) is bound to happen, 2) a person who precedes, a forerunner
affluent
Definition: having an abundance of wealth, property or other material goods
indispensable
Definition: absolutely necessary; essential
preside
Definition: to be in the position of authority in a meeting or other gathering
amid
Definition: in the middle of or surrounded by
coin
Definition: to invent (a new word or phrase)
quip
Definition: 1) snappy response, 2) a witty remark
overbearing
Definition: unpleasantly overpowering
unsound
Definition: 1) not safe or robust; in poor condition, 2) not healthy or well, 3) not based on sound or reliable evidence or reasoning, 4) not acceptable
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